Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.11/2596
Título: N20 emissions from soil amended with cattle slurry under mediterranean conditions
Autor: Carneiro, J.P.
Coutinho, J.
Trindade, H.
Palavras-chave: Greenhouse gas emissions
Soil fertilization
Nitrogen
Nitrification inhibitor
Data: 2012
Citação: CARNEIRO, J.P. ; COUTINHO, J. ; TRINDADE, H. (2012) - N20 emissions from soil amended with cattle slurry under mediterranean conditions. In International Symposium on Emissions of Gas and Dust from Livestock, Saint-Malo, 10-13 junho - Proceedings. [S.l. : s.n.]. p. 29. Comunicação.
Resumo: N2O emissions are affected by several factors, including type of fertilizer, edafo-climatic conditions and mitigation measures applied. However, one single N2O emission factor of 1.25% of total N applied is usually used. For two years a field experiment was carried out in central Portugal, to evaluate the effect over soil N2O emissions originated from the application of cattle slurry (CS) to a double-cropping system producing maize and oats. The use of a nitrification inhibitor (DCD) was evaluated as emission mitigation measure. A mineral fertilizer treatment (MIN) and a Control were included and the DCD effects were tested together with MIN (MIN+DCD) and CS (CS+DCD). Total N input was equal for all fertilizing treatments (oat 80 kg N ha-1; maize 170 kg N ha-1). N2O fluxes were measure on 165 sampling dates, using a photo-acoustic spectroscopic infrared gas analyzer. The poly propylene chambers used (2 per plot) were kept at fixed locations throughout all each cultural period. Gas samples were taken when chambers were closed (t0) and 1h later (t1), and fluxes were calculated based on changes in headspace concentrations between t1 and t0. The calculated hourly emissions were integrated over time to estimate the total daily emission and the emission over the measurement period during each season. The emission factor based on N application (EF) was calculated using EF(%) = 100 × ((N2Ofert – N2OControl) / Napp), where N2Ofert represent the cumulative N2O flux (kg N ha-1) in the fertilized plot, N2OControl the cumulative flux in the zero-N treatment, and Napp the amount of applied N (kg N ha-1). Independently of the cultural period considered, the most important fluxes were observed 8- 10 days after fertilizers incorporation and during the following 20-40 days. The highest value (297 g N-N2O ha-1 day-1) was measured in MIN, during first autumn-winter crop. Annual NN2O losses were higher in the first year, with a wettest autumn and a warmer summer than usual. The higher values were measured with the use of mineral fertilizers (4.65 and 4.21 kg N ha-1 in MIN+DCD and MIN, respectively), which were 60-70% higher than those measured with slurry application or without fertilization (1.85, 1.55 and 1.33 kg N ha-1 in CS+DCD, CS and Control, respectively). Mean annual EF values measured were 0.76, 0.63, 0.12 and 0.07%, in MIN+DCD, MIN, CS and CS+DCD, respectively. The DCD use, namely with mineral fertilizer, didn’t produce an evident effect on total N2O losses.
Descrição: Comunicação da qual só está disponível o resumo.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.11/2596
Aparece nas colecções:ESACB - Comunicações em encontros científicos e técnicos

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