Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.11/2801
Título: Worldwide prevalence and distribution of acquired AmpC-β-lactamases in Enterobacteriaceae lacking inducible AmpC
Autor: Freitas, Francisco
Alves, Mónica
Palavras-chave: Betalactamases AmpC
Enterobacteriaceae
Prevalence
Data: 23-Nov-2012
Editora: Sociedade Portuguesa de Bioanalistas Clínicos
Citação: FREITAS, Francisco; ALVES, Mónica (2012) - Worldwide prevalence and distribution of acquired AmpC-β-lactamases in Enterobacteriaceae lacking inducible AmpC. In Congresso de Análises Clínicas e de Saúde Pública, 10, Porto, 23-24 de Novembro. Viseu: Sociedade Portuguesa de Bioanalistas Clínicos. p. 1-2
Resumo: Introduction: Acquired AmpC beta-lactamases (qAmpC) which confer resistance to cephamycins and reduced susceptibility to extended-spectrum cephalosporins and β-lactamase inhibitors have increasingly been recognized as an emerging problem worldwide. qAmpCs enzymes are grouped according to the DNA sequence similarity with natural chromosomal AmpCs of some Enterobacteriaceae species, namely C. freundii (CMY-2-like, LAT-1, CFE-1), Enterobacter spp. (ACT-1-like, MIR-1-like), M. morgannii (DHA-1-like) and H. alvei (ACC-1-like), and with Aeromonas spp. (CMY-1-like, FOX-1-like, MOX-1-like). Isolates harbouring qAmpCs are usually multirresistant, and inappropriate empirical therapy is associated with high mortality ratios in invasive infections. Objectives: Estimate the worldwide prevalence and distribution of qAmpC types. Methods: We conducted a literature review on pertinent articles published between 2000 and 2011 on qAmpC detection and prevalence in Enterobacteriaceae lacking inducible AmpC [E. coli (EC), K. pneumoniae (KP), K. oxytoca (KO), P. mirabilis (PM) and Salmonella spp. (SM)] isolated from human infections. Estimated relative frequencies were calculated for qAmpC types detected in each country with relevant articles. Results: A total of 26 relevant studies from 21 countries on qAmpC epidemiology were retrieved, comprising 216648 isolates (182573 EC, 18858 KP, 8117 SM, 2340 PM, and 2278 KO). qAmpCs were detected in all but one study from Brazil, being the worldwide overall prevalence 0.55% (1194/216648, or 5.5 qAmpC producers per 1000 isolates). Countries with higher prevalence were China (4%), South Korea (3.5%), Portugal (3%) and Poland (3%), and the lowest were observed in Brazil (0%), Japan (0.08%), Switzerland (0.16%) and Belgium (0.16%). The overall species specific prevalence was 4.1%, 3.5%, 1.4%, 0.5% and 0.2% in SM, PM, KP, KO, and EC respectively. China presented the higher prevalence for KP (7%) and KO (3%), Thailand for EC (2%), while for PM and SM it was Poland (20.5%) and Mexico (7.7%), respectively. Globally, the main qAmpC variants detected were CMY-2 (53.1%), DHA-1 (30.6%) and CMY-2-like (11.7%). CMY-2 was predominantly present in EC, PM and SM isolates while DHA-1 was detected mostly among KP and KO. In countries like South Korea, China, and Portugal DHA-1 is the dominant variant, while in North America, Norway, Danmark, Tailand, Japan, Algeria and Spain is CMY-2. Conclusion: Although qAmpC prevalence is globally low, the results suggest that it is rising. This study also demonstrates that CMY-2 is the most prevalent qAmpC followed by DHA-1. Future studies are needed in order to monitor the spread of this emerging resistance mechanism.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.11/2801
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