Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.11/3091
Título: Using indicator kriging for the evaluation of arsenic potential contamination in an abandoned mining area (Portugal)
Autor: Antunes, I.M.H.R.
Albuquerque, M.T.D.
Palavras-chave: Sulfide mines
Arsenic
Waters
Contamination
Indicator kriging
Segura
Data: 2013
Editora: Elsevier
Citação: ANTUNES, I.M.H.R. ; ALBUQUERQUE, M.T.D. (2013) - Using indicator kriging for the evaluation of arsenic potential contamination in an abandoned mining area (Portugal). Science of the Total Environment. ISSN 0048-9697. 442, p. 545-552.
Resumo: Mining and mineral-processing activities canmodify the environment in a variety of ways. Sulfide mineralization is notorious for producing waters with high metal contents. Arsenic is commonly associated with sulfide mineralization and is considered to be toxic in the environment at low levels. The studied abandoned mining area is located in central Portugal and the resulting tailings and rejected materials were deposited and exposed to the air and water for the last 50 years. Sixteen water sample-points were collected. One of these was collected outside the mining influence, with the aim of obtaining a reference background. The risk assessment, concerning the proximity to abandoned mineralized deposits, needs the evaluation of intrinsic and specific vulnerabilities aiming the quantification of the anthropogenic activities. In this study, two indicator variables were constructed. The first one (I1), a specific vulnerability, considers the arsenic water supply standard value (0.05 mg/L), and the probability of it being exceeded is dependent on the geologic and hydrological characteristics of the studied area and also on the anthropogenic activities. The second one (I2), an intrinsic vulnerability, considers arsenic background limit as cut-off value, and depends only on the geologic and hydro-geological characteristics of the studied area. At Segura, the arsenic water content found during December 2006 (1.190 mg/L) was higher than the arsenic water content detected in October 2006 (0.636 mg/L) which could be associated to the arsenic released from Fe oxy-hydroxide. At Segura abandoned mining area, the iso-probability maps of October 2006 and December 2006, show strong anomalies associated with the water drainage from abandoned mining activities. Near the village, the probability of exceeding the arsenic background value is high but lower than the probability of exceeding the arsenic water supply value. The arsenic anomalies indicate a high probability for water arsenic contamination and those waters should not be used for human consumption.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.11/3091
ISSN: 0048-9697
Versão do Editor: www.elsevier.com/ locate/scitotenv
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