Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.11/1874
Título: Geochemistry of waters associated with the old mine workings at Fonte Santa
Autor: Gomes, M.E.P.
Antunes, I.M.H.R.
Silva, P.B
Neiva, A.M.R.
Pacheco, F.A.L.
Palavras-chave: Mineralization
Data: 2010
Editora: Elsevier
Citação: GOMES, M.E.P. [et al.] (2010) - Geochemistry of waters associated with the old mine workings at Fonte Santa. Journal of Geochemical Exploration. 105. P. 153-165.
Resumo: The quartz veins containing scheelite from Fonte Santa mine cut the Lower Ordovician quartzites. A muscovite–biotite granite (G1) and a muscovite granite (G2), both S-type, crop out close to the Fonte Santa mine and are related to the Moncorvo–Bemposta shear zone. The most altered samples of G2 show intense muscovitization and microclinization and contain chlorite, columbite–tantalite, wolframite, W-ixiolite and Fe-oxides. The tin-bearing granites contain 18 ppm (G1) and 73 ppm (G2) Sn. The most altered samples of G2 correspond to a tungsten granite. The quartz veins contain muscovite, chlorite, tourmaline, scheelite, pyrrhotite, pyrite, sphalerite, chalcopyrite, galena, arsenopyrite, iron oxides, Fe sulfates, phosphates of Pb, Fe and Al. The Fonte Santa mine area was exploited for W between 1942 and 1982. At the end of November 2006, a flood event damaged the tailings dam of Fonte Santa mine, releasing contaminated material and increasing contaminant levels in water within the area of influence of the mine. The waters related to the Fonte Santa mine are poorly mineralized, with electrical conductivity of b965 μS/cm, and of a mixed type or HCO3 − and SO4 2− types. Most pH values (5.0−8.5) indicate that there is no significant acidic drainage in the region, as found in other areas. More acidic values (pH=3.4) were found in the mine's lagoon. Waters associated with mineralized veins and old mine activities have Fe and Mn concentrations that forbid their use for human consumption and agriculture. Natural Na, Mg and K water contents are associated with the alteration of albite, chlorite and muscovite of country rock, while Ca with the W-bearing quartz veins. Weathering agents are carbonic and sulphuric acids and the latter has a strong influence in areas draining fine-grained mine tailings.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.11/1874
Versão do Editor: www.elsevier.com/ locate/ jgeoexp
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